Detergent, Should It Be Halal?

Ramadan is only counting days, this blessed month is very much awaited by Muslims in the world. Because this month is full of blessings, forgiveness from Allah Swt. That moment was used to improve the quality of worship.

This quality of worship needs to do in a manner that is accurate (kaffah), so that worship needs to be carried out in a special way, one of which is by paying attention to the cleanliness of both personal hygiene, clothing, and places of worship. In maintaining the cleanliness and purity of clothing, there needs to be special attention in purifying it, which is truly sure to be free from dirt and unclean.

Islam teaches about cleanliness. Islam considers that maintaining cleanliness is an important problem that must be considered and implemented in our daily lives. (HalalMUI)

Clean and holy are two things that cannot be separated. Both are very closely related to health, although the meaning of the word is not exactly the same. Clean is an adjective that shows a condition free from dirt. Cleanliness is general in nature and is not directly related to the procedures of worship. However, it is still a necessity for every Muslim to carry it out in daily life. Meanwhile, the holy in the teachings of Islam is to avoid being unclear. In order to be holy, a Muslim must carry out the rules in the form of the procedure of taharah (purification). After being angry, we can only run special services, especially prayers.

One way to clean and purify clothes is to wash them using detergent added to water. With this detergent, it will provide a comfortable, fragrant, clean, and soft feel to clothing. Especially with the use of halal detergent which will provide added value in the form of security for its users. (HalalMUI)

Then, what is it that makes detergent not halal?

In general, the detergent composition consists of surfactants, enzymes, fatty acids, soap base, perfumes, solubilizers, and dyes. From the composition, although there was no material directly eaten, but unclear sources of ingredients in detergent makes the detergent halal status was doubted. This source of material that is not clear is what is critical of halal detergent.

According to the Head of Auditing the Assessment Institute for Foods, Drugs, and Cosmetics, the Indonesian Council of Ulama (LPPOM MUI), Dr. Ir. Mulyorini R. Hilwan, M.Sc., it is very necessary to be aware of the sources of detergent-making materials by paying attention to the prohibited critical points. (HalalMUI)


The surfactant is the main ingredient in detergent which has a lower surface tension which functions to release dirt/stains. Today’s type of surfactant has many choices. The source of the ingredients can be derived from oil or fat derivatives. It is this source of oil or fat that needs to be ascertained from halal animals and by syar’i slaughter.


Enzymes are used as additives in detergents to help increase net power in addition to surfactants. The types of enzymes used in detergent are lipase, prostheses, and amylase. Basically, impurities can come from fat, so lipases will facilitate the decomposition of the fat that sticks and later rinsed with water, as well as proteins and proteases can break down the protein. In addition, impurities can come from starch or carbohydrates, and amylase functions to decompose these carbohydrates. After the enzyme has been described, it will be easier apart from the material that is washed and is easily rinsed.

The critical point of the enzyme is the source of the enzyme, it can come from plants, animals or microbial processes. If the enzyme comes from animals, it is necessary to ensure that it comes from halal and slaughtered animals in syar’i. And if the enzyme comes from microbial, the growth medium is not derived from unclean or pork ingredients.

3.Fatty acid dan soap base

Fatty acid and soap base are used in some detergent products, especially for low-detergent types. This material functions in addition to increasing the net power and also reducing foam, which is needed for the type of washing machine for the front opening. Soap base is a reaction between oil and/or fat with a strong base.

The source of fatty acids and soap base can come from derivatives of oil or fat. It is this source of oil or fat that needs to be ascertained from halal animals and by syar’i slaughter.

4. Perfume and solubilizer

Perfumes function as fragrances are complex, and can be made of hundreds of ingredients whose source must be clear.

Perfume is an additive ingredient that is vital in detergent because it enhances the attractiveness so that the laundry becomes fragrant. This material is a complex material, can be made of hundreds of materials whose source must be clear. Therefore, this perfume must already have a halal certificate.

Solubilizer is a material that makes all constituent components can be fused or also called an emulsifier. In general, it is made from derivative fatty acids which can be made from sources derived from fatty oils. Therefore, it must be ensured that it comes from halal animals and with syar’i slaughter.

Source: Jurnal Halal, 125

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