In order to support the implementation of credible halal certification in Indonesia, LPPOM MUI as an LPH chooses professional halal auditors and maintains its distribution in 34 provinces in Indonesia as well as four LPPOM MUI representative offices abroad.
In October 2014, the House of Representatives of the Republic of Indonesia (DPR RI) has enacted Law Number 33 of 2014 concerning Halal Product Guarantees (JPH Law). This law requires that all products produced, sold and circulated in Indonesia be halal certified.
In order for this JPH Law to run, implementing regulations are needed. Among them: Government Regulation Number 31 of 2019 concerning Regulations for the Implementation of Law Number 33 of 2014 concerning Halal Product Guarantees; Decree of the Minister of Religious Affairs Number 982 of 2019; and Government Regulation (PP) No. 39 of 2021 concerning the Implementation of the Halal Product Guarantee Field.
The three regulatory policies explain the powers, duties, and obligations of each stakeholder under the JPH Law. There are at least three interrelated stakeholders in the halal industry in Indonesia, namely the Government, the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI), and the Halal Inspection Agency (LPH).
First, the Government through the Halal Product Assurance Organizing Agency (BPJPH) is authorized to register applications for halal certification and issue halal certificates. In addition, in the JPH Law, it is also explained that BPJPH has a duty to socialize, educate, and publish halal products as well as being an obligation of BPJPH.
Second, the MUI which is a forum for deliberations of Muslim scholars, zuama, and scholars. Bpjph's cooperation with MUI is carried out in the form of halal auditor certification, determination of product halal fatwas, and LPH accreditation.
In determining fatwas, halal decisions on products are determined by the MUI in the MUI Fatwa Commission session. The results are then submitted to BPJPH to be the basis for issuing halal certificates.
Third, LPH is an institution authorized to carry out inspection and/ or testing activities on the halalness of products. Currently, there are already three LPH in Indonesia, the Institute for the Study of Food, Medicines, and Cosmetics of the Indonesian Ulema Council (LPPOM MUI), one of which is.
Each LPH is required to have a halal auditor of at least 3 people, namely people who have the ability to carry out product halal inspections. The halal auditor is in charge of examining and reviewing the materials; processing process; slaughter system; researching equipment, production space, and storage; checking the distribution and presentation; checking the halal assurance system; and report the results of the examination and/or test to LPH.
As of November 20210, LPPOM MUI has more than 1,000 halal auditors from various educational backgrounds. Among them: food technology, chemistry, biochemistry, industrial technology, biology, pharmaceuticals.
The halal auditor profession of LPPOM MUI comes from professionals and the academic community who have experienced and spread in various places. Both in the central LPPOM MUI, as well as in 38 representative offices consisting of 34 provinces in Indonesia and 4 offices in China, Korea, and Taiwan. In fact, more than 190 auditors have obtained a Halal Auditor Professional Work Competency Certificate from the National Professional Certification Agency (BNSP).
The three stakeholders above are responsible for certification services for business actors in Indonesia. In addition, Business Actors also play a very important role in the development of the halal industry in Indonesia.
According to the JPH Law, a Business Actor is an individual or business entity in the form of a legal entity or not a legal entity that carries out business activities in the territory of Indonesia. Business actors are required to implement and maintain consistency in the implementation of the halal assurance system so that it continues to run well.
Therefore, every company must have a halal supervisor, that is, a person who is responsible for the production process of halal products. The halal supervisor is in charge of supervising and coordinating the production process in the company; determine remedial and preventive measures; and accompanying halal auditors during the examination. (YN)
- Law Number 33 of 2014 concerning Halal Product Guarantee (JPH Law)
- Government Regulation Number 31 of 2019
- Decree of the Minister of Religious Affairs (KMA) Number 982 of 2019 concerning Halal Certification Services
- Government Regulation (PP) No. 39 Of 2021 concerning the Implementation of the Halal Product Guarantee Field