Coffee has become one of the drinks that, continues to exist from time to time. Its existence is increasing along with the more creative businesses in managing coffee. Now, coffee has been enjoyed by various groups of people.
Coffee. Who is not familiar with the beverage offerings from the results of this one coffee bean’s steeping? The distinctive aroma and taste can captivate many people. Likewise with the Indonesian people who are also being hit by “contemporary coffee fever”. Reporting from IDN Times, coffee connoisseurs in Indonesia in 2019 were dominated by office workers (47.9%) and ranked second, namely students (35.5%).
Coffee powder processing through a long stage. Initially, ripe coffee beans are harvested using a machine or hand. Then do the drying before turning into coffee logs. The next process is roasting with varying degrees of degree. After roasting, the coffee beans are ground or ground into powder.
“The method of roasting black coffee beans is generally done by simply adjusting the temperature and time. From there it can be seen whether the maturity of the coffee beans have reached half or fully cooked. For this method, there is no halal critical point to worry about, “said Dr. Ir. Sedarnawati Yasni, M.Agr, lecturer in Food Science and Technology, Bogor Agricultural University (IPB).
Presentation of coffee now also varies. In the past, most people only knew black coffee and milk coffee, nowadays the ingredients and names of coffee are even more diverse. There are two techniques for brewing coffee, espresso and manual brew.
Espresso coffee is produced by extracting ground coffee beans by spraying hot water under high pressure, some of which are espresso, ristretto, lungo, doppio, americano, long black, latte, cappuccino, macchiato, mochaccino, affogato, con panna, and black eye. Whereas manual brew is a technique of serving coffee by manual brewing without a machine, such as brewed coffee, pour over, Vietnamese drip, plunger or press, vacuum, mocha pot, and cold brew.
According to Sedarnawati, basically, the halal coffee drinks and good for health, when consumed in the right way and portions, coffee can actually reduce the risk of developing cancer, diabetes, gallstones, and various heart diseases (cardiovascular). However, today many coffee vendors offer a variety of coffee offerings with a mixture of other ingredients. This is what needs further attention, both from halal and health.
“The presentation of single origin does not have a halal critical point because only one type of coffee is brewed. While the mixture, the halal critical point is in the ingredients mixed into coffee brewing, for example cappuccinos and lattes that use added milk and liquid sugar. Those ingredients need to be considered halal, “he explained.
The development of the coffee variations apparently makes coffee connoisseurs willing to spend quite a lot of pockets. Some just want to taste the taste of coffee in every “contemporary” shop, some are buying to meet the needs for caffeine, also those who are willing to buy to be a means to exist on social media.
Indonesian people’s coffee consumption cannot be underestimated. This is also one thing that needs special attention. Based on information from BPOM, the caffeine content in a cup of coffee should not exceed 50 mg. If consumed in the long term and with levels exceeding this number, it will cause health problems, such as discolored teeth, bad breath, increasing stress and blood pressure, insomnia, heart attacks, strokes, infertility in men, addiction, and premature aging.
“In women, drinking two or more cups of coffee per day can increase the risk of osteoporosis. While in pregnant women, high caffeine can result in miscarriage, giving birth to babies with a quarter smaller weight, and epilepsy. This is because caffeine takes calcium and iron from the body of pregnant women who are also needed by the fetus, “said Sedarnawati.
However, this is not a reason for coffee connoisseurs to stop consuming coffee. To enjoy the aroma of coffee, it would be better if the coffee is served without creamer, sugar, and milk. The use of creamer and sugar also needs to be limited to avoid consuming excessive calories. In addition, the amount of coffee consumption per day also needs attention.
Not only that, also pay attention to snacks or sweet cakes that usually accompany coffee. Snacks and sweet cakes contain high calories. In addition, the halal critical point is also high. “The halal critical point of the cake needs to be examined, namely the mixture ingredients such as sugar, butter, flavor, chocolate, and flour,” said Sedarnawati.
A cup of coffee will be more delicious if we know the halal critical point. Of course it would be better if we could limit its consumption in order to maintain a healthy body. (YN)