The Fatwa Commission Indonesian Council of Ulama (KF MUI) has decided Fatwa Number 13 of 2021 concerning the Law of Vaccination for COVID-19 while Fasting. Specifically related to vaccination itself, the Central MUI Fatwa Commission has issued Fatwa Number 4 of 2016 concerning Immunization.
“This is a guide for Muslims to observe Ramadan fasting by fulfilling religious principles. At the same time, this can support efforts to realize herd immunity through massive COVID-19 vaccination,” said the Fatwa Division Chairperson of the MUI, KH. Asrorun Niam Sholeh, during the plenary session some time ago.
He said that vaccination itself is giving vaccines by injecting or dropping them into the mouth, to increase the production of antibodies to ward off certain diseases. In the case of the COVID-19 vaccination, this type of vaccine is used by injecting a drug or vaccine through a muscle. This model is also known as intramuscular injection.
“COVID-19 vaccination, which is carried out by intramuscular injection (injection) does not invalidate fasting. The law of vaccinating COVID-19 for Muslims who are fasting by means of intramuscular injection is permissible, as long as it does not cause harm (dharar),” he said.
In order for the vaccination to continue smoothly, the fatwa, said Kiai Niam, also recommended that vaccinations be carried out at night. If the vaccination is carried out during the day, it is feared that it could endanger people who are fasting due to their weak physical condition.
“Muslims must participate in the COVID-19 vaccination program implemented by the Government to achieve group immunity and be free from the COVID-19 outbreak,” he explained.
Here is the complete fatwa!
Fatwa Number 13 Year 2021
regarding the Law of Vaccination for COVID-19 While Fasting
First: General Provisions
In this fatwa, what is meant by:
- Vaccination is the process of administering vaccines by injection or dropping into the mouth to increase the production of antibodies to ward off certain diseases.
- Intramuscular injection is an injection that is done by injecting a drug or vaccine through a muscle.
Second: Legal Provisions
- Covid-19 vaccination by intramuscular injection does not invalidate fasting.
- The law of vaccinating COVID-19 for Muslims who are fasting by means of intramuscular injection is permissible as long as it does not cause harm (dharar).
- The government can vaccinate COVID-19 during the month of Ramadan to prevent the transmission of the COVID-19 outbreak by paying attention to the condition of Muslims who are fasting.
- The government can administer COVID-19 vaccination at night of Ramadan against Muslims who fast during the day and are feared of causing danger due to weak physical conditions.
- Muslims must participate in the COVID-19 vaccination program implemented by the Government to achieve group immunity and be free from the COVID-19 outbreak.
Jakarta, March 16, 2021