Dr. KH. M. Hamdan Rasyid, MA.
Lecturer at the Jakarta Islamic University (UIJ),
Member of the MUI Fatwa Commission
The food consumed is very influential on one’s physical (physical) and psychological (spiritual, psychological). From a biological perspective, the food consumed is a source of energy for movement and nutrition for the development and repair of body cells. Even so, consumption of bad food will adversely affect the body of the individual concerned. As an example, it could be a disease or even cancer.
With this analogy, in a deeper review from the Diniyyah side, religiously, halal food is a source of positive energy and nutrition for body cells. So that the limb cells will move positively. In this context, it means, God willing, to make individuals who consume it light and easy to worship. Also directs him to obey Allah. On the other hand, haram food becomes a negative energy source. This results in being difficult to worship, and on the contrary, it tends to be easy to commit immorality. So we can get people who eat illicit sustenance, for example from stealing, or corruption, tend to be lazy in worship. Invited to recite the Koran, often reluctant, for various reasons, etc. His body has been contaminated with the unclean. Because the energy source is negative, it makes him inclined towards negative actions, namely immorality which is prohibited by religion.
This negative impact is not only on the self concerned, but also extends to the children and families. We can also pay attention that people who are corrupt, for example, consume food that is not halal (haram), so their children tend to be caught and addicted to drugs, for example. Behave in a free life (free sex), like clubbing, or other immoral acts that are prohibited in religion. This has been implied in accordance with the Hadith of the Prophet, “Everybody who grows from haram (food), then the fire of hell is superior to him (more worthy of burning it).” (HR. At-Thabrani). Also the Hadith of the Prophet, in the form of his will to his companion, Ka’ab bin ‘Ujroh with the meaning: “O Ka’ab bin’ Ujroh, actually meat does not grow from haram food, except that hell is more entitled to it.” (HR. At-Turmudzi).
In another narration, the Prophet’s Hadith. mentions, people who consume food and drink are not halal, surely their deeds will not be accepted. This can be understood, because Allah is Most Good and Holy, and will not accept anything except the good and holy. Narrated from Abu Hurairah, he said: “Has said the Messenger of Allah:” Verily Allah is good, does not accept anything but good. And indeed Allah has ordered the believers (as) what has been ordered to the messengers, then Allah has said: O Messenger, eat from everything that is good and do good deeds. And He said: O you who believe, eat of the good things which We have given you. ‘ Then he told the story of a man who had traveled far, with matted hair and dust, stretching his hands to the sky while praying: “O God, O God”, while his food was haram, his drink was haram, his clothes were haram and was filled with haram food, then how could a person like this will be granted his prayer. “[Narrated by Muslim no. 1015].
Furthermore, every time a person acts immoral, violates religious guidance, including consuming food that is not halal, then a stain will occur in his heart. “Indeed, a believer, if he commits a sin, he has a black spot in his heart. If he repents, and asks forgiveness (istighfar), then his heart will shine again. However, if the sin increases, the dot will also increase. That is what is called ‘ran’. Allah SWT. said, ‘No! Rather, the stain has covered their hearts of that which they were earning.’ (QS. Al-Muthaffifin, 83: 14).” (Narrated by Tirmidhi, Nasa’i, Ibn Majah).
Then your hearts become hardened after that, being like stones or even harder. For indeed, there are stones from which rivers burst forth, and there are some of them that split open and water comes out, and there are some of them that fall down for fear of Allah. And Allah is not unaware of what you do. [QS. al-Baqarah: 74].
Indeed, the heart can be shiny, shine. But it could also be the other way around, turning dark black as explained in several hadiths of the Prophet. Therefore, as much as possible a Muslim must pay attention to the condition of his heart at all times, not to become a hard heart or start to harden so that later it will become hard and difficult to accept the truth. Na’ûdzu billâhi min dzâlik. Last but not least, the condition of the liver originates, among others, from the food consumed.
Avoiding Self from In Doubt (Syubhat)
This guide states that it is clear as believers we should pay attention and believe the food consumed should be halal, and avoid doubtful or suspicious. Especially the illegal. The Prophet has given guidance and example, how we should avoid that suspicion: In the narration of the hadith from Abu Abdillah Nu’man bin Basyir he said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him). said: “Indeed, what is halal is clear and what is haram is clear. Between the two there are matters of suspicion (ambiguity) that are unknown to the public. So whoever is afraid of suspicion means he has saved his religion and honor. And whoever falls into the matter of doubt, then will fall into the thing that is forbidden. As the shepherd who herds his flock around (the farm) is forbidden to enter it, then sooner or later he will enter it. Knowing that every king has God’s prohibitions and prohibitions is what He forbids. Know that in this there is a lump of flesh, if he is good then this whole body is good and if he is bad, then the whole body is bad; know that he is the heart. ” (HR. Bukhori and Muslim).
In the hadith, the Prophet saw. said meaningfully: “Be you a pious people ‘ (wara’), you will surely be the most devout human being.” (HR. Al-Baihaqi in Syu’abil Iman from Abi Hurairah number 5750, also issued by Ibn Majah 4217).
Wara ‘itself means avoiding all things that are doubtful (between what is halal and haram) and correcting oneself (muhasabatun nafsi) at all times. That is according to Yunus bin Ubaid as quoted by Sheikh Ibn Qayyim Al-Jauziyah in the Book of Madarijus Salikin. From here it can be understood, that only suspicion should be avoided. Especially the illegal.
A very clear example we can also know, how the Prophet was careful and kept away from everything that worries come from suspicious things. Narrated from Abu Hurairah and Abdullah bin ‘Umar quoted a hadith from the Prophet saw. that one night Rasulullah saw. It’s hard to sleep. Then his wife asked, “Why did Rasulullah can’t sleep? ” Rasulullah saw. also replied: “Indeed I found under my shoulder a date, so I ate, while on our side there are dates from alms dates, then I am afraid if the dates are dates from alms.” (HR. Ahmad from Abdullah bin ‘Umar).
It is obvious that what the Prophet did is so amazing. Even a date should be taken care of with a very important pious attitude. Allahumma sholli wa sallim alayka ya Rasulallah. How often we are negligent in this aspect of consumption. O Allah, give us the ability to be able to imitate your Prophet attitude.
The Prophet also kept his grandson away from eating haram food. He forbade his grandson to eat just one date from alms – while alms is forbidden for his family – and warned his grandson. It was also narrated by Abu Hurairah: When Hasan (the grandson of the Prophet saw) was young, he once took a date from the date of alms (zakat), and then put it (into) his mouth, then the Prophet saw. ordered: “Vomit it!” – to throw it away then he said–: “Do you not feel that we do not eat alms.” (HR. Al-Bukhari from Abi Hurairah).
Another narration says: Al-Hasan bin Ali told Abul Haura ‘that when he was a child, he once took a date from a date of alms, and then ate it. Seeing this, his grandfather, Rasulullah saw. immediately removed the date from Al-Hasan’s mouth and threw it away. Then someone asked Rasulullah saw: “What is the problem, O Rasulullah, when this little boy eats the date?” Rasulullah saw. replied: “Indeed, we Muhammad’s family is not halal to eat alms.”
In this case, it should be known and presented again, the Prophet Muhammad saw., His family and descendants are forbidden to receive alms and zakat, but can receive gifts.
The life of Prophet must be an example for every Muslim who wants the safety and goodness of the world and the hereafter, for ourselves, our children, and our families. (USM)